sun yat sen biografia

[82] The revolt against Yuan was unsuccessful. University of Illinois Press. Ta miejscowość znajduje się na południe od prowincji Guangdong. [3], Sun is considered to be one of the greatest leaders of modern China, but his political life was one of constant struggle and frequent exile. Passou uma infância despreocupada, frequentando a escola da aldeia, em companhia de outras crianças. Biografi Dr. Sun Yat Sen. Ia lahir 12 November 1866 di Guang dong Cina, anak seorang petani miskin yang merantau ke Honolulu Hawai Amerika Serikat mengikuti kakak lelakinya untuk menempuh pendidikan. [81] Many revolutionary members were already alarmed by Yuan's ambitions and the northern based Beiyang government. 13 urte zituenean Hawaiira joan zen bere anaiarekin bizitzeko. Two ships are also named after him, the Chinese gunboat Chung Shan and Chinese cruiser Yat Sen. Carroll, John Mark. After Sun's death, a power struggle between his young protégé Chiang Kai-shek and his old revolutionary comrade Wang Jingwei split the KMT. Sun Yat-Sen. Político y líder revolucionario chino nacido en Zhongshan, provincia de Guangdong, el 12 de noviembre de 1866 y muerto en Pekín en marzo de 1925. He focused on China, with its vast potential and weak base of mostly local entrepreneurs. W tym czasie sytuacja rodziny była tak niepewna, że ​​jego starszy brat był zmuszony wyemigrować na inne szerokości geograficzne, aby zarabiać na życie. He is referred as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China, and as the "Forerunner of the Revolution" in the People’s Republic of China for his instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty during the Xinhai Revolution. Rozpoczął studia w tej dziedzinie, którą był pasjonatem: medycyny. Su padre trabajaba como agricultor, que había sido la ocupación tradicional de su familia durante muchas generaciones. Sun helped overthrow the Qing Dynasty in October 1911. Ojciec Sun Yat-sena został zmuszony do powrotu do dawnej pracy jako robotnik. He raised money for his revolutionary party and to support uprisings in China. There are also a series of Sun Yat-sen stamps. [2009] (2009). Nekazari familia batean jaio zen. In 1981, Lily Sun took a trip to Sun Yat-sen mausoleum in Nanjing, People's Republic of China. The first highway in Taiwan is called the Sun Yat-sen expressway. [65][72] Their goal was to target Sun as a leader leading a revolt for profiteering gains. Berg publishing. Niestrudzony wojownik, Sun Yat-sen pracował ciężko i do ostatniego oddechu 12 marca 1925 r. Był czczony jako szef rządu Guomindang. In Chinatown, San Francisco, there is a 12-foot statue of him on Saint Mary's Square. [18] He then attended Oahu College (now known as Punahou School) for one semester. [97] Two days later, he traveled to Beijing to discuss the future of the country, despite his deteriorating health and the ongoing civil war of the warlords. [94] However Sun was not without some opposition as there was the Canton volunteers corps uprising against him. Biografia Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) był chińskim politykiem rewolucyjnym, pierwszym prezydentem Republiki Chińskiej, stając się tym samym założycielem współczesnych Chin. [2009] (2009). Sage publishing. Yuan Shikai, who controlled the Beiyang Army, the military of northern China, was promised the position of President of the Republic of China if he could get the Qing court to abdicate. [14][15][16][17], At the age of 10, Sun began seeking schooling,[1] and he met childhood friend Lu Haodong. This too was unsuccessful and he died on 12 March at the age of 58. Sun Yat-sen (/ˈsʌn ˌjætˈsɛn/; born Sun Deming; 12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)[1][2] was a Chinese politician, physician, and political philosopher, who served as the provisional first president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China). Era hijo de campesinos del Kuangtung, la provincia más meridional de China, donde la presencia extranjera se remontaba a épocas más antiguas y eran mayores las transformaciones económicas motivadas por la explotación colonial. Nie udało mu się jednak kontynuować kariery, ponieważ nie posiadał odpowiedniej licencji wymaganej przez kolonię dla takiej funkcji. [2] His birthplace was the village of Cuiheng, Xiangshan County (now Zhongshan City), Guangdong. On another visit in May 2011, she was surprised to find the four characters "General Rules of Meetings" (會議通則), a document that Sun wrote in reference to Robert's Rules of Order had been removed from a stone carving. He eventually returned to China and from there moved to the British colony of Hong Kong in 1883. [1] They saw many villagers worshipping the Beiji (literally North Pole) Emperor-God in the temple, and were dissatisfied with their ancient healing methods. Sun Yat-sen het in 1876 skool in China begin, maar drie jaar later het hy na Honolulu verhuis. Hij werd geboren in een gezin met lage inkomens dat zich verschillende generaties lang had gewijd aan het werk van het kerven van het land. Su padre trabajaba como agricultor, que había sido la ocupación tradicional de su familia durante muchas generaciones. [137] This concept is still currently available on Baike Baidu. There are also two streets named after Sun Yat-sen, located in the cities of Astrakhan and Ufa, Russia. Verknüpfungen zu anderen Personen wurden aus den Registerangaben von NDB und ADB übernommen und durch computerlinguistische Analyse und Identifikation gewonnen. Nach einigen Jahren im Exil wurde er 1921 Präsi… Został poważnie skrytykowany i wydalony za złamanie religijnej postaci swojej miejscowości. [2009] (2009). Encyclopedia Small Silver Coins. W 1881 r. Ukończył studia medialne. Novämber 1870 uf Hawaii; † 12. Sun Yat Sen Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was the founder of the Kuomintang, a revolutionary group in China that ousted the Manchu or Qing dynasty from China and set up the Chinese Republic. [53] He was released after 12 days through the efforts of James Cantlie, The Globe, The Times, and the Foreign Office; leaving Sun a hero in Britain. His father was a farmer. [13] After finishing primary education, he moved to Honolulu in the Kingdom of Hawaii, where he lived a comfortable life of modest wealth supported by his elder brother Sun Mei. [125] On the island of Maui, there is the little Sun Yat-sen Park at Kamaole. While the events leading up to it are unclear, in 1896 Sun Yat-sen was detained at the Chinese Legation in London, where the Chinese Imperial secret service planned to smuggle him back to China to execute him for his revolutionary actions. Tam miał przekonanie, że tradycyjne Chiny są niczym więcej niż przesądem. The old Chinatown in Calcutta (now known as Kolkata), India has a prominent street by the name of Sun Yat-sen street. Januar 1912 erster provisorischer Präsident der Republik China, mit der das über zweitausendjährige Kaiserreich endete. Jutlandii podlegające przemiennie Danii i Niemcom. [79] The provisional government did not have any military forces of its own. [101] Contemporary reports in The New York Times,[101] Time,[102] and the Chinese newspaper Qun Qiang Bao all reported the cause of death as liver cancer, based on Taylor's observation. Another older brother, Sun Deyou (孫德祐), died at the age of 6. Ernest Young, "Politics in the Aftermath of Revolution," in John King Fairbank, ed., Altman, Albert A., and Harold Z. Schiffrin. Biografia Sun Yat-sen, chińskiego przywódcy rewolucji. Although the United Chinese Library, with 102 years of history, was not the only reading club in Singapore during the time, today it is the only one of its kind remaining. [139] Taiwanese Education minister Tu Cheng-sheng and Examination Yuan member Lin Yu-ti [zh], both of whom supported the proposal, had their portraits pelted with eggs in protest. When the Communists and the Kuomintang split in 1927, marking the start of the Chinese Civil War, each group claimed to be his true heirs, a conflict that continued through World War II. Springer publishing. His key proposal was socialism. [115] At the time his father was age 53, while his mother was 38 years old. Lenin praised Sun and his attempts at social reformation, and also congratulated him for fighting foreign imperialism. Spence, Jonathan D. [1990] (1990). [62] One of Sun's major legacies was the creation of his political philosophy of the Three Principles of the People. Było to w 1915 r., Kiedy ożenił się po raz drugi. After his death, the Kuomintang opted to keep that language in its constitution to honor his memory forever. Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) was born in China and was a Chinese political leader. "[23] Ultimately, he earned the license of Christian practice as a medical doctor from there in 1892. [74] The revolutionaries are remembered as martyrs. Chinese university press. [56] The group has also been referred to as the "three cooperating organizations" as well as the triads. [14] Additionally, members of his family and relatives of Sun would take refuge at the home of his brother Sun Mei at Kamaole in Kula, Maui. [75], The uprising expanded to the Xinhai Revolution also known as the "Chinese Revolution" to overthrow the last Emperor Puyi. The Columbia Guide to Modern Chinese History. Deze plaats ligt ten zuiden van de provincie Guangdong. [2011] (2011). [2006] (2006). [2008] (2008). The libretto was written by Candace Mui-ngam Chong, a recent collaborator with playwright David Henry Hwang. 26 April 2011. Between China and Europe: person, culture and emotion in Macao. Sun is unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for being widely revered in both mainland China and Taiwan. His successful merger of minor revolutionary groups to a single larger party provided a better base for all those who shared the same ideals. [35] Thereafter, Sun became the secretary of the newly merged Revive China society, which Yeung Ku-wan headed as president. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) był chińskim politykiem rewolucyjnym, pierwszym prezydentem Republiki Chińskiej, stając się tym samym założycielem współczesnych Chin. Heavy Storm and Gentle Breeze: A Memoir of China's Diplomacy. However, as the war ended in July 1902, America emerged victorious from a bitter 3-year war against the Republic. Members were drawn mainly from Chinese expatriates, especially the lower social classes. He is referred as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China for his instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty during the Xinhai Revolution. [65] Sun publicly fought off comments about how he had something to gain financially from the revolution. Sun Yat-sen (en chino tradicional, 孫逸仙; en chino simplificado, 孙逸仙; pinyin, Sūn Yìxiān; Wade-Giles, Sun 1 I 4-hsien 1; Yale cantonés, Syūn Yaht-sīn; también conocido como Sun Zhongshan, 孫中山 T, 孙中山 S, Sūn Zhōngshān P, Sun 1 Chung 1-shan 1 W, Syūn Jūng sāan Y), nacido Sun Wen (孫文 T, 孙文 S, Sūn Wén P, Syūn Màhn Y; Cuiheng, provincia de Guandong, 12 de noviembre de 1866-camino a Pekín, 12 … [137], In November 2004, the ROC Ministry of Education proposed that Sun Yat-sen was not the father of Taiwan. Jego zamiarem było spotkanie ze swoim bratem, który mieszkał na tej wyspie przez kilka lat.. Stało się to na krótko przed tym, jak siły zbrojne USA ustanowiły strategiczne bazy na wyspach. Sun Yat Sen was a Chinese politician, revolutionary and physician. João de Pina-Cabral. In most major Chinese cities one of the main streets is named Zhongshan Lu (中山路) to celebrate his memory. Durante toda su vida puso su empeño en unificar el país, para lo cual llegó a aliarse con lo señores locales y los comunistas. Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese politician, physician, and political philosopher, who served as the provisional first president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China). This is the first such street name outside of Asia. Welland, Sasah Su-ling. Ten jis gyveno su savo broliu Sun Mei ir mokėsi Iolani mokykloje. W ten sposób zaczął mieć pewną rozbieżną postawę wobec obrzędów panującego imperium. [note 1] James Cantlie, Sun's former teacher at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese, maintained a lifelong friendship with Sun and would later write an early biography of Sun. Sun Yat-sen przeprowadził się do Makau jako chirurg medyczny. The Kuomintang's constitution designated Sun as party president. Bertan, hezkuntza kristaua jaso eta … Tang Jiaxuan. [139][140], Chinese physician, politician and revolutionary, "Sun Wen" redirects here. W tym był pod silnym wpływem misjonarza ze Stanów Zjednoczonych i protestanckiego pastora narodowości chińskiej. In 1924 Sun appointed his brother-in-law T. V. Soong to set up the first Chinese Central bank called the Canton Central Bank. (Chinese) Yang, Bayun; Yang, Xing'an (November 2010). Su padre trabajaba como agricultor… The same month in 1894 the Furen Literary Society was merged with the Hong Kong chapter of the Revive China Society. WW Norton & company publishing. Sun is credited for the funding of the revolutions and for keeping the spirit of revolution alive, even after a series of failed uprisings. Stamtąd potajemnie nawiązał kontakt z niektórymi chińskimi społeczeństwami antyidystycznymi. Urodził się w rodzinie o niskich dochodach, która przez kilka pokoleń poświęciła się rzeźbieniu ziemi. Sun pictured a revolution as similar to the salvation mission of the Christian church. SUNY Press. [60] Official files of the United States show that Sun had United States nationality, moved to China with his family at age 4, and returned to Hawaii 10 years later. [74], On 10 October 1911, a military uprising at Wuchang took place led again by Huang Xing. Było to w środowisku silnie naznaczonym pozytywną i racjonalistyczną dyrektywą, pełną zachodnich kontrastów i silnego przekonania o postępie naukowym i technologicznym. Następnie objął urząd Yuan Shikai, który służył jako minister Manchu. Opiekował się nimi jego starszy brat. He knew that the only way that China would change and modernize would be to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. He met Lea in London, where he and Lea unsuccessfully tried to arrange British financing for the new Chinese republic. The couple adopted a local girl as their daughter. [2007] (2007). This was the last imperial dynasty of China.He is often called as Father of the Nation. Biografie: Sun Yat-sen, * 12. Lake, Marilyn. In 2011, there is also a Mandopop group called "Zhongsan Road 100" (中山路100號) known for singing the song "Our Father of the Nation" (我們國父).[136]. HarperCollins publishing. Sun Yat-sen (Cuiheng, Guangdong, 12 de novembre de 1866 - en viatge a Pequín el 12 de març de 1925), en transcripció Wade-Gilles (segons la pronúncia cantonesa), Sun Yixian (en xinès tradicional: 孫逸仙) en transcripció pinyin (segons la pronúncia en mandarí), conegut habitualment a la Xina com a Sun Zhongshan, fou un estadista, líder revolucionari i polític xinès. [10] Sūn Zhōngshān (孫中山), the most popular of his Chinese names, is derived from his Japanese name Nakayama Shō (中山樵), the pseudonym given to him by Tōten Miyazaki while in hiding in Japan. Known as the Father of Modern China, Sun Yat-Sen played a key role in abolishing the Qing Dynasty in China and was the first provisional president of the Republic of China when it was first set up in 1912. Odzyskane w: In 1915 Sun wrote to the Second International, a socialist-based organization in Paris, asking it to send a team of specialists to help China set up the world's first socialist republic. Sun Yat-sen, ein chinesischer Revolutionär und Staatsmann, lebte von 1866 bis 1925. Zhongshan Park is also a common name used for a number of places named after him. In February 1923 Sun made a presentation to the Students' Union in Hong Kong University and declared that it was the corruption of China and the peace, order and good government of Hong Kong that turned him into a revolutionary. [77] 1 January 1912 was set as the first day of the First Year of the Republic. Od 1824 bryt. [1] While he was originally unable to speak English, Sun Yat-sen quickly picked up the language and received a prize for academic achievement from King David Kalākaua before graduating in 1882. Sun Yat-sen attended elementary school in China, but he moved to Honolulu, Hawaii at the age of 13 where his elder brother Sun Mei had lived since 1871. En 1879, con 13 años, fue enviado a Honolulu en Hawái. Chociaż jej związek był bardzo ograniczony z powodu długich okresów nieobecności w domu, w wyniku małżeństwa dała troje dzieci. (2004). "The Enigma of Sun Yat-sen" in Mary Wright, ed., Soong, Irma Tam. Sun's speech on Yaowarat street was commemorated by the street later being named "Sun Yat Sen Street" or "Soi Sun Yat Sen" (Thai: ซอยซุนยัตเซ็น) in his honour. 4, 1972, pp. “Sun Yat-Sen and the Japanese: 1914–16.” Modern Asian Studies, vol. In August 1913, Sun Yat-sen fled to Japan, where he later enlisted financial aid via politician and industrialist Fusanosuke Kuhara. Sun took part in the Anti-Monarchy war of the Constitutional Protection Movement, while also supporting bandit leaders like Bai Lang during the Bai Lang Rebellion. Sun Yat-Sen (Revolucionário e político chinês) 12-11-1866, Xiangshan, Guangdong 12-3-1925, Pequim Sun Yat-Sen, filho de camponeses cristãos e médico de profissão, tornou-se líder da oposição republicana após a derrota contra o Japão em 1894-1895 e a conseqüente agonia do império chinês. kolonia sun yat-sen. Słownik Szlezwik I Holsztyn: Co znaczy księstwo w pd. He was president when the Republic of China was founded in 1912. Sun Yat-Sen Źródło:, S / D Arkusz luźnego piasku: Sun Yat Sen. Bogactwo i moc Źródło:, JLGC (S / D), Sun Yat Sen (1866-1925). He later co-founded the Kuomintang.Sun remains revered in both mainland China and Taiwan. Źródło:, Sun Yat Sen Ojciec Republiki Chińskiej Odbudowa polityczna. Ha sido considerado como el verdadero fundador de la República de China. The Penang Philomatic Union subsequently moved to a bungalow at 65 Macalister Road which has been preserved as the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Centre Penang. [35] The group was spreading the idea of overthrowing the Qing. [5][6][7], Sun's genealogical name was Sun Deming (Syūn Dāk-mìhng; 孫德明). Sun Yat-sen het in 1882 aan Iolani se hoërskool gegradueer en een semester aan die Oahu-kollege spandeer voordat sy ouer broer hom op 17-jarige ouderdom na China terug gestuur het. Hizo mucho para inspirar y organizar el movimiento que derrocó a la dinastía Manchú en 1911, una familia de gobernantes que reinó sobre China durante casi trescientos años. Ha sido considerado como el verdadero fundador de la República de China. [105] He also left a short political will (總理遺囑) penned by Wang Jingwei, which had a widespread influence in the subsequent development of the Republic of China and Taiwan.[106]. Other structures include Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall subway station, Sun Yat-sen house in Nanjing, Dr Sun Yat-sen Museum in Hong Kong, Chung-Shan Building, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in Taipei and Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall in Singapore. [126] In Sacramento, California there is a bronze statue of Sun in front of the Chinese Benevolent Association of Sacramento. [73] The leaders launched a major drive for donations across the Malay Peninsula. Rząd Manchu został ostatecznie obalony w Wuchang przez siły rewolucyjne wykorzenione w prowincjach 10 października 1911 r. Sun Yat-sen został wybrany na tymczasowego prezydenta rodzących się Chin. [1][10] Notably, of his class of 12 students, Sun was one of the only two who graduated. [65], Because of these failures, Sun's leadership was challenged by elements from within the Tongmenghui who wished to remove him as leader. Ten esej prezentuje najmniej znaną u nas postać ojca Republiki Chińskiej i przywódcy rewolucji Xinhai z 1911 r., która po ponad dwu tysiącleciach obaliła zmurszałe Cesarstwo. Su primera educación, al igual que su lugar de nacimiento, lo hicieron un hombre de dos mundos, China y Occidente. Sun Yat-sen i jego zwolennicy byli nieco zmarginalizowani na wysokich stanowiskach. Od tego czasu pozostał za polityczno-republikańską i nowoczesną reformą, która skrystalizowała się i przekształciła Chiny w niezwykłą moc dla świata. [2008] (2008). Sun Yat-sen sent telegrams to the leaders of all provinces requesting them to elect and to establish the National Assembly of the Republic of China in 1912. O dr. Sun Yat Sen, fundador da República Chinesa e Chefe da Revolução, nasceu a 12 de Novembro de 1866, de pais camponeses, numa pequena aldeia situada nas imediações de Hsiangshan, pequena cidade da província do Kwangtung. [98] On 28 November 1924 Sun traveled to Japan and gave a speech on Pan-Asianism at Kobe, Japan. At Iolani School, young Sun Wen first came in contact with Christianity. Sun Yat-sen remains unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for having a high reputation both in mainland China and in Taiwan. Ho, Virgil K.Y. Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) was born in China and was a Chinese political leader. Scarecrow press. South China morning post. Connected worlds: history in transnational perspective. Revolutionary and socialist leader Vladimir Lenin praised Sun and the KMT for their ideology and principles. Rok później został odesłany do miasta, w którym się urodził. One group of intellectuals contended that the Manchu Qing government could restore its legitimacy by successfully modernizing. To już pokazało charakter w pewien rewolucyjny sposób iz wielkim przekonaniem. [56] According to the New York Times "Sun Yat-sen left his village in Guangdong, southern China, in 1879 to join a brother in Hawaii. Ethnicity, Identity, and Minority Status in China's Modern Transformation", "Students from China study Sun Yat-sen on Maui", "Chinese government officials attend Sun Mei statue unveiling on Maui", "Chinatown park, statue honor Sun Yat-sen", "Sun Yat-sen: Certification of Live Birth in Hawaii", Department of Justice. Bevir, Mark. [95][96] This same year, he delivered a speech in which he proclaimed his Three Principles of the People as the foundation of the country and the Five-Yuan Constitution as the guideline for the political system and bureaucracy. Sun Yat-sen attended elementary school in China, but he moved to Honolulu, Hawaii at the age of 13 where his elder brother Sun Mei had lived since 1871. According to Ming Pao she could not take the money because she would no longer have the freedom to communicate about the revolution. [37] Yeung Ku-wan directed the uprising starting from Hong Kong. [36][37][38] He traveled to Tianjin to personally present the petition to Li but was not granted an audience. On 1 June 1929, Sun's remains were moved from Beijing and interred in the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. [2005] (2005). Beïnvloed door christelijke ideeën bekritiseerde hij daar de godsdienstige Chinese prakti… In George Town, Penang, Malaysia, the Penang Philomatic Union had its premises at 120 Armenian Street in 1910, during the time when Sun spent more than four months in Penang, convened the historic "Penang Conference" to launch the fundraising campaign for the Huanghuagang Uprising and founded the Kwong Wah Yit Poh; this house, which has been preserved as the Sun Yat-sen Museum (formerly called the Sun Yat Sen Penang Base), was visited by President designate Hu Jintao in 2002. [70], To sponsor more uprisings, Sun made a personal plea for financial aid at the Penang conference held on 13 November 1910 in Malaya. Oxford University Press. Although Charles Soong had been a personal friend of Sun's, he was enraged when Sun announced his intention to marry Ching-ling because while Sun was a Christian he kept two wives, Lu Muzhen and Kaoru Otsuki; Soong viewed Sun's actions as running directly against their shared religion. Schiffrin, Harold Z. Sun Yat-Sen was a major politician and a Chinese revolutionary who co founded the Kuomintang and served as its first leader.

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